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Climate in Himalaya, Climate of Himalayan Destination, Travelling to Himalayas, Tourist Guide on Himalaya
The Himalaya, roof of the world, is a magic place where the magnificence of the world's highest mountains is mirrored in the rugged beauty and unique culture of the people who live in their shadow.

Nepal Tour Packages
Delhi Manali Leh Jeep Safari

Nepal Tour

Duration: 06 Nights - 07 Days

Manali - Leh Jeep Safari

Duration: 07 Nights - 08 Days

Vaishno Devi Tour Package

Duration: 08 Nights - 09 Days

Nepal with India Tour

Duration: 09 Nights - 10 Days

Eastern Himalayan Cultural

Duration: 11 Nights - 12 Days

Darjeeling Tour

Duration: 05 Nights - 06 Days

Darjeeling Gangtok Kalimpong Tours
Booking Information/Reservation
Home >> About Himalayas >> Climate of Himalaya
Climate of Himalayas
Pine, Deodar, Fir, Oak, Rhododendron, Birch
Mid-June Till The End Of September

Saga Of Mountains, Forests, Pastures
Himalayan MountainsThe Himalayas with dazzling pinnacles of snow-covered ranges extend for 2,250-km from the Namcha Barwa on the bend of the Tsang-po (Brahmaputra) to Nanga Parbat on the Indus. The range runs east to west up to central-Nepal and then takes a southeast to northwest direction. The average width of the Himalayas is about 200-km.

The compositions of the forests on this mighty range are effected by the combined effect of altitude, rainfall and latitude. The rainfall, mainly from the monsoons, decreases from the east to the west. Comparatively, in winter, due to the influence of tropical west wind drift, the northwest areas have more precipitation in the form of rain and snow. From these snow covered ranges with big glaciers, flow the great rivers that have made the Indo-Gangetic plain one of the most fertile in the world and the heart Land of India.

Climatic Variation In The Himalayas
The Himalayan Alpine climate varies according to the elevation. It gets colder as the elevation increases and gets wetter as the elevation drops. As a result the temeparture and climatic changes in the Himalayan regions change very quickly. All of a sudden there can be occurances of monsoons, floods, high winds, snowstorms and other types of precipitation, which makes the climate over here quiet an unpredictable and dangerous one.

The two major seasons of the Himalayan region are winter and summer. During the winter the region recieves the maximum snow with very icy temperatures. Summer are quiet mild over here, making the places overe here quiet good summer holiday hideouts. Usually throughout the year te Alpine Himalayan region recieves Snow.

Beyond The Monsoon
Ladakh & ZanskarThe regions such as Ladakh & Zanskar that lie to the North of the main Himalayan range and escape the full impact of the monsoon. Humidity is always low in these regions, and receives only a few centimeters of rainfall a year. These regions also experience some of the coldest temperatures anywhere in the world, and it doesn't get any warmer till the spring season in late April or early May.

In June, daytime temperatures frequently rise to the mid 200Cs, the snow on the passes melts and most of the treks can be undertaken from then on until the middle of October. Heavy rainstorms can occasionally be experienced in July and August, and River crossing should be undertaken with great care at this time. By September the conditions are ideal, and they normally remain so until late October even though nigh-time temperatures may fall below freezing. By November, the early winter snows fall on the passes closest to the Himalayas. In winter the villagers still travel, enduring the intense cold, to follow the valley floors where River crossings are no longer a problem.

After October the daytime temperatures drop, but the weather is generally settled until the middle of November when the first of the heavy winter snows fall on the high mountain passes. Winter months from December to March are often bleak. April and May are characterised by heavy precipitation, which falls as snow in the mountains, precluding trekking over the passes until the spring snows melt in June.

Most of the hill states of the West Himalayas including Kangra and Chamba, the Kullu valley, Shimla in Himachal and most regions of the Garhwal and Kumaon in Uttaranchal come under the influence of the Indian monsoon. Both Darjeeling and Sikkim are subject to the Indian monsoon that sweeps up from the Bay of Bengal, bringing heavy rainfall from early June until the end of September. The post-monsoon months of October and November provide settled conditions, with clear views of the mountains, although nighttime temperatures above 3,500m frequently fall below freezing.

Forest Cover - The Glory Of The Himalayas
Himalayan ForestsBecause of the constant most of the Himalayan regions have a harsh environment therefore few animals and plants can survive over here. The few plants that do inhabit the Alpine consist of rhododendrons, the tea plant and shrub type plants. They have to adapt to the freezing temperatures, high winds and to a short growing season. That is why most of the plants grow low to the ground.

The Hindustan-Tibet road now called National Highway No. 22 takes one right across the Himalayas from the plains over forested mountain ranges, along the Sutlej through the gorge in the great Himalayan range near Shipkila on the Indo-Tibet border. One of the most interesting and accessible areas are the forests on the ridge line that form the Indo Gangetic watershed on which lie Shimla, Narkanda and the most beautiful forests of silver Fir starting from Narkanda. Part of the Hindustan-Tibet road run along this watershed ridge.

From the plains to the snow clothed mountains, one goes through fine forests of Pine, Deodar, Fir, Oak, Rhododendron, Birch and finally between the tree line and the snows, rich alpine pastures. Inhabited areas, on cultivated terraced fields, can be seen women in their customary colourful clothes decorating the hillside like alpine blossoms.

The mountain fauna that are found in the Himalayan Alpine are similar to the mountain animals found in the surrounding areas of the Himalalayas. Some animals that have adapted the Himalayan climate include the mountain goat, which has a thick coat for warmth and strong hooves for running up the rocky slopes.

The Awesome Himalayan Panorama
Himalayan PanoramaTo know the mountains one has to be amongst them. In the evening as one begin settling down so do the mountains, valleys and clouds. It is a wonderful sight to see a sea of clouds sinks in repose in the deep valleys. At the same time the setting sun converts the surrounding peaks into molten gold which gradually fade away into pale pink and steel grey.

At night, the moon lends a peculiar charm to the snow transferring the rugged peaks and ridges into soft contours. The hamlets in the valleys, surrounded by fields, are in deep slumber. The silence of the mountains is complete. The only sound one can hear is of the campfire.

In the morning, the rising glow of the sun reflects from peak to peak and then descends to the lower slopes awakening all. The sun's warmth rouses the clouds to gradually climb the mountains, hugging the valley sides as they rise and engulf the peaks with their crowns of snow. This is an experience so vivid and revitalizing that it can never be forgotten.
Natural Warning
In recent years, there has been great emphasis on saving the trees but the actual progress has been insignificant. Day by day, the trees are being destroyed and being cut down without replacement and without a thought for our children's future. Overgrazing and ruthless assault on herbs is destroying the meadows and pastures.

In the absence of forests, there will be less precipitation in the form of rain and snow - leaving the grand peaks without their white mantle. This ecological damage, if not redeemed, will lead to catastrophes in the form of extreme floods, droughts, forests fires and disappearance of wildlife.

The diversity of the plants, herbs, flowers, landscapes is truly stunning and reflects Nature's brilliant ecological plan. The lines taken from Devistotra, a Hindu Shastra, (500 BC) presents quite a clear picture of the Himalayan lands:

"So long as this land will have mountains, forests and pastures that long the earth will survive, sustaining you and the coming generations."